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West Nile Virus

Bird Identification

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

Large Bird

Length:

45 to 41 cm (18 to 16 inches)

Wingspan:

99 cm (39 inches)

Weight:

450 g (1 lb)

Colour:

completely black

Other Characterstics:

short tail, broad wings

Common Raven (Corvus corax)

Very Large Bird

Length:

61 cm (24 inches)

Wingspan:

135 cm (53 inches)

Weight:

1200 g (2.6 lb)

Colour:

completely black

Other Characterstics:

long, narrow wings

Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica)

Fairly Large Bird

Length:

48 cm (19 inches)

Wingspan:

64 cm (25 inches)

Weight:

175 g (6 oz)

Colour:

white and black

Other Characterstics:

long, blue-colored tail

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Medium-sized Bird

Length:

28 cm (11 inches)

Wingspan:

41 cm (16 inches)

Weight:

85 g (3 oz)

Colour:

blue and gray with white and black markings

Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis)

Medium-sized Bird

Length:

29 cm (11.5 inches)

Wingspan:

46 cm (18 inches)

Weight:

70 g (2.5 oz)

Colour:

gray with white and black markings

Other Characterstics:

resembles an oversized chickadee

Steller's Jay (Cyanocitta stelleri)

Medium-sized Bird

Length:

29 cm (11.5 inches)

Wingspan:

47.5 cm (19 inches)

Weight:

105 g (3.7 oz)

Colour:

black head, blue body, dark bars on wings and tail

Birds Commonly Mistaken as Members of the Crow Family
(Do Not Submit or Report)

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)

Small Bird

Length:

23 cm (9 inches)

Wingspan:

36 cm (14 inches)

Weight:

60 g (2.1 oz)

Colour:

Completely black

Brewer's Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus)

Small Bird

Length:

23 cm (9 inches)

Wingspan:

39 cm (15.5 inches)

Weight:

63 g (2.2 oz)

Colour:

Completely black

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Small Bird

Length:

22 cm (8.75 inches)

Wingspan:

33 cm (13 inches)

Weight:

52 g (1.8 oz)

Colour:

completely black except for red and yellow wing patches

Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)

Small Bird

Length:

24 cm (9.5 inches)

Wingspan:

38 cm (15 inches)

Weight:

65 g (2.3 oz)

Colour:

black body with yellow head and white markings on wings

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Small Bird

Length:

19 cm (7.5 inches)

Wingspan:

30 cm (12 inches)

Weight:

44 g (1.5 oz)

Colour:

Male - black body with brown head; Female - completely brown

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Medium-sized Bird

Length:

28 to 34 cm (11 to 13.5 inches)

Colour:

completely black with bluish sheen to feathers

European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

Small Bird

Length:

22 cm (8.5 inches)

Wingspan:

41 cm (16 inches)

Weight:

82 g (2.9 oz)

Colour:

black to brown body with white markings

Relative Sizes of Birds



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This picture is to help in identification of bird species by providing a comparison of size. The Common Robin would fit between the Starling and the Crow.

From left to right: Starling (small), Crow (large), Raven (very large)