Last Update: March 2000

Author: F. A. Leighton

Reviewer: H. Artsob

Botulism in Birds

(Avian Botulism)

Botulism is a form of food-poisoning caused by toxins produced by the putrefactive bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

There are several different forms of Botulism caused by different forms of botulinum toxin produced by different strains of the bacterium. Two different forms of Botulism affect wild birds in Canada.

If you recognize sickness or death in Canadian wildlife, report this to local wildlife officials or make a report directly to the CCWHC: Call Toll-Free (in Canada):