Arboviruses in Canada

Last Update: March 2000

Author: F. A. Leighton

Reviewer: H. Artsob

The following is a list of arboviruses that have been found in vertebrate or arthropod hosts in Canada. The list is taken from the following publication:

Artsob, H. 1990. Arbovirus activity in Canada. Archives of Virology. Supplement 1: 249-258

Avalon Tick Nairovirus 12
Bauline Tick Orbivirus 11
Bluetongue (type 11) Midgeb Orbivirus 5
Cache Valley Mosquito Bunyavirus 8
California encephalitis Mosquito Bunyavirus 1
Colorado tick fever Tick Orbivirus 2, 6
Eastern equine encephalitis Mosquito Togavirus 17
Epizootic hemorrhagic disease Midge Orbivirus 4
Flanders Mosquito Rhabdovirus 9
Great Island Tick Orbivirus 11
Jamestown Canyon Mosquito 0 Bunyavirus 1
Northway Mosquito Bunyavirus 15
Powassan Tick Flavivirus 16
Silverwater Tick Bunyavirus-like 14
Snowshoe Hare Mosquito Bunyavirus 13
St. Louis encephalitis Mosquito Flavivirus 3
Trivittatus Mosquito Bunyavirus 18
Turlock Mosquito Bunyavirus 8
Western equine encephalitis Mosquito Togavirus 7

a References listed below

b Genus Culicoides

1 Artsob, H. Et al. 1985. Isolation of California encephalitis serotype from mosquitoes collected in Manitoba, Canada. Journal of the American MosquitoControl Association. 1: 257-258.

2 Brown, J.H. 1955. Colorado tick fever in Alberta. Canadian Journal of Zoology 33: 389-390.

3 Burton, A.N et al. 1973. Isolation of St. Louis encsphalitis and Cache Valley viruses from Saskatchewan mosquitoes. Canadian Journal of Public Health 64: 368-373.

4 Ditchfield, J., et al. 1964. The virus of epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resource Conference 29: 196-201.

5 Dulac, G.C. et al. 1988. Consecutive outbreaks of epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer and bluetongue. Veterinary Record 122: 340.

6 Eklund, C.M. et al. 1955. Distribution of Colorado tick fever and virus-carrying ticks. Journal of the American Medical Association 157:335-337.

7 Fulton, J.S. 1938. A report of two outbreaks of equine encephalomyelitis in Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine 2: 39-46.

8 Hall, R.R. et al. 1968. Isolation of Turlock virus and a member of the Bunyamwera group, probably Cache Valley virus, from Alberta mosquitoes.Canadian Journal of Public Health 59: 159-160.

9 Hall, R.R. et al. 1969. Arboviruses from Saskatchewan mosquitoes - isolation of a member of the Flanders-Hart Park group and of a strain as yet unidentified. Canadian Journal of Publich Health 60: 486-488.

10 Hoff, G.L. et al. 1969. Snowshoe hares and the California encephalitis virus group in Alberta, 1961-1968. Bulletin of the Wildlife Disease Association 5: 254-259.

11 Main, A.J. et al. 1973. Great Island and Bauline: two new Keremovo group viruses from Ixodes uriae in eastern Canada. Journal of Medical Entomology 10: 229-235.

12 Main, A.J. et al. 1976. Avalon and Clo Mor: two new Sakhalin group viruses from the north Atlantic. Journal of Medical Entomology 13: 309-315.

13 McKiel, J.A. et al. 1966. Viruses of the Californial encephalitis complex in indicator rabbits. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 15: 98-102.

14 McLean, D.M. 1961. Silverwater virus: characterization of virus isolated from ticks collected in eastern Canada. Federation Proceedings20: 443.

15 McLean, D.M. 1979. Arbovirus vectors in the Canadian arctic. In: Arctic and Tropical Arboviruses (E. Kurstak, ed.) Academic Press, New York. pp 7-19.

16 McLean, D.M. and Donohue, W.L. 1959. Powassan virus: isolation of virus from a fatal case of encephalitis. Canadian Medical Association Journal 80: 708-711.

17 Schofield, F.W. and Labzoffsky, N. 1938. Report on cases of suspected encephalomyelitis occurring in the vicinity of St. George. Report of the Ontario Department of Agriculture and Ontario Veterinary College 29: 25-29.

18 Thorsen, J. Et al. 1980. Virus isolations from mosquitoes in southern Ontario, 1976 and 1977. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 26: 436-440.

Links to Other Sources of Information About Arboviruses

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